ImPACT Concussion Center

Concussion Facts

  • A concussion is a brain injury.
  • It doesn’t take a major blow to the head to cause a concussion.
  • All concussions are serious.
  • Concussions can occur without loss of consciousness.
  • Concussions can occur in any sport.
  • Recognition and proper management of concussions when they first occur can help prevent further injury or even death.

Signs of a Concussion

  • A dazed or stunned appearance
  • Confusion about the play
  • Clumsy movements
  • Slow responses to questions
  • Personality or behavior changes
  • Retrograde amnesia (forgetting events prior to the hit)
  • Anterograde amnesia (forgetting events after the hit)
  • Loss of consciousness (even temporary)

When to Seek Immediate Medical Attention

  • Headache that gets worse and does not go away
  • Weakness, numbness or decreased coordination
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea
  • Slurred speech
  • Patient looks very drowsy or cannot be awakened
  • One pupil is larger than the other
  • Patient has convulsions or seizures
  • Inability to recognize people or places
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Increasing confusion, restlessness or agitation

Athletes May Report

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Balance problems
  • Double vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sensitivity to noise
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Cognitive changes
  • Feeling foggy

Patient Forms